University of Redlands

Student Resources

Experiencing a conflict?  Whether it’s with a friend, roommate, another member of a student organization, or faculty or staff member, conflicts happen. Learning to navigate conflicts is important to success in virtually any field, and a vital step in being a part of a community and having healthy, meaningful relationships with others.

If you are experiencing a conflict and would like guidance or support, we recommend scheduling a conflict consultation with one of our trained facilitators. They will talk with you individually about your conflict and the various ways the CRC can help/support.

To schedule a Conflict Consultation, please complete and submit a CRC form.

At a Conflict Consultation, a trained staff person will talk with you to learn more about the conflict you are experiencing, and provide information and guidance on pathways for resolution.  Those pathways include:

  • Referral to formal adjudication options available at or beyond the University
  • Facilitated Resolution, in which a trained person works directly with all parties in a conflict to find a solution (e.g. restorative justice, mediation)
  • Conflict Coaching, where the trained CRC staff work individually with you to help you resolve the conflict on your own

Don’t wait!  Avoiding dealing with a conflict—especially anyone who is already feeling upset or frustrated—will only make things worse. Sometimes we try the same strategy over and over, which can also increase frustration. For these reasons, we recommend reaching out as soon as possible.

Services offered by the CRC

  • Conflict Consultation/Conflict Coaching
  • Facilitated dialogue
  • Restorative Justice
  • Mediation
  • Events/programs

Self-Help Resources

Please explore the resources below if you are hoping to learn more about navigating conflict on your own.  [The following information adapted, with permission from NC State University.]

Positive Aspects of Conflict

Though we often think of conflict as negative, a great first step to resolving conflict is to reframe our attitude and approach toward conflict.  Addressing conflicts within a relationship or group are an exercise in honest communication, and often results in a stronger relationship or better group cohesiveness.  Even a willingness to bring up and address conflict demonstrates concern, commitment, and a desire to preserve the relationship.  Conflict also allows us to gain new perspectives and learn more about others.

Making it Better or Worse

Conflict usually escalates when
  • Bystanders become involved and take sides.
  • One or both parties feels threatened by the other.
  • There is no interest or investment in maintaining the relationship.
  • The acting out of anger, fear, or frustration (indirect expression) increases.
  • Those involved do not acknowledge or meet important needs.
Conflict usually decreases when
  • Those involved focus on the problem instead of each other.
  • Those involved express emotions of anger, fear and frustration directly rather than demonstrating them indirectly.
  • There are no threats to those involved.
  • Those involved openly discuss and acknowledge their needs.

Conflict Management Styles

Model from:

Five Methods of Conflict Resolution

There are five conflict management styles.  No one style is “right,” or “wrong;” instead the styles all have advantages and disadvantages and may be more or less helpful depending on the situation.  Most people have a default or preferred style.  It may be helpful to think about your typical style and whether a different approach may help resolve your conflict.  Also, understanding someone else’s style can help give us the insight to find solutions.  Read more about each style below.


When you use the competing style, you manage conflict by seeking to meet your needs at the expense of the other person.  Someone whose conflict management style is competing seeks to “win at all costs,” and has low concern for others’ needs or preserving those relationships.  This is also referred to as “controlling” or “forcing.” If you conflict with someone who uses the controlling conflict management style, you may need to stand up for your rights and be assertive, or get others involved. The competing style of conflict management works well when you need to act quickly or when you believe you are correct. On the other hand, this style can intimidate others, cause conflict to escalate, or damage relationships.


When you use the collaborating style, you manage conflict by negotiating and may believe that two heads are better than one. When collaborating you work with others to explore their disagreement, generate alternatives, and find a mutually satisfying solution. The collaborating style of conflict management allows you to learn from another’s perspective. It can be helpful when you need a decision that addresses both parties’ concerns. On the other hand, the collaborating style of conflict management may be unsuitable either for minor decisions or when time is limited.


When you use the compromising style, you manage conflict by splitting the difference so that the solution partially satisfies both parties. The compromising style of conflict management is useful when other styles fail, for fast decision-making on minor disagreements, or when two equally strong parties commit to mutually exclusive goals. On the other hand, the compromising style of conflict management may cause you to lose sight of larger issues and values and may not please everyone.


When you use the accommodating style, you manage conflict by soft bargaining or “killing your enemy with kindness.” When you use the accommodating style, you yield to another person’s point of view and pay attention to his or her concerns while neglecting your own. The accommodating style is useful when you see that you are wrong or when harmony is most important to you. However, if you use the accommodating style, others may not address your concerns.


When you use the Avoiding style, you manage conflict by leaving well enough alone or by not addressing the conflict. You may either withdraw from the situation or postpone confrontation. The Avoiding style of conflict is useful when confrontation may be dangerous or damaging, when an issue is unimportant, or when a situation needs to cool down, or when you need more time to prepare. On the other hand, if you use the Avoiding style of conflict management, issues may go unaddressed.

Improving Conflict Skills

Once you have determined your goal and your conflict management style, you may now wonder how you can resolve the conflict as you planned. Conflict resolution is highly dependent upon good communication skills. Active listening results in effective communication and conflict resolution.

Communication Obstacles

  • Ordering someone to think or do something
  • Threatening
  • Preaching or lecturing
  • Judging
  • Providing unsolicited advice or solutions
  • Forcing your opinions on someone

Communication Catalysts

  • Open-mindedness
  • Accepting different opinions as valid
  • Seeing others as equals with equal rights to be heard
  • Showing empathy and respect
  • Listening both carefully and actively

Conflict Resolution Process

Before the confrontation, ask yourself
  • What are my specific concerns?
  • How does the conflict affect me?
  • What is important to me?
  • What would improve the situation for me?
During the confrontation set the tone
  • State positive intentions and have a positive attitude.
  • Acknowledge and validate the other party.
  • Discuss and define the problem.
    • Take turns. Make sure each party both speaks and listens actively.
    • Identify each side’s interests and needs.
    • Discuss assumptions, suspicions, and values if necessary.
Summarize new understandings
Brainstorm alternative solutions
  • Determine the advantages and disadvantages of each possible solution, and consider their consequences.
  • Be realistic.
  • Choose solutions that satisfy all parties.
  • Make sure the solutions are specific, balanced and fair.

Plan for follow-up to make sure the solutions are working for everyone.